The beginning of the European overseas expansion

Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor. He was only 15 years old when he became Lord of the Netherlands. He inherited the domain of his father. The low countries consisted of several regions. These were the areas with the stand-alone cities heard. He wanted to create one country of the Netherlands. Therefore he conquered the independent regions. He showed them reign by his own officials. Charles V attracted not only to battle to conquer independent regions. He was also attacked in the East. He has many wars must be waged against the Ottoman Empire. But also against the French and the reformers. Charles V was a Catholic and had therefore hate the reformers who wanted to leave the Catholic Church.

Charles V ruled in the epoch of reformers and discoverers of 1515 to 1555. This meant that under his rule many important sea trips were dangers. During that sea trips was much land conquered. In the years 1519 – 1521 the Spanish conquistadores conquered the Empire of the Aztecs. They lived in present-day Mexico. The Spaniards called this country the new world. He conquered the Inca Empire in 1532. Also this lay in South America. This was later called Peru. Because now Charles V ruled over countries in both Europe and America was said to have ruled over the Empire on which the sun never sets.

The European rulers conquered these countries to spread the Christian faith, but also they could increase their trade area. The first explorers in the history were sent by the Pope. This happened as early as the 13th century. One of these explorers was Marco Polo. He traveled over land and along the coast to Asia, particularly to India. In the 15th century the Europeans wanted to find a shorter route to India. Because they knew that there many spices.

At first they tried to find by India with a ship to follow the coastline of Africa. In 1488, enter Bartholomew Diaz as first along the Cape of good hope.

Thanks to the renaissance had the people back interest in the ancient Greek philosophy books from the history. Here they found the theory of the spherical Earth. According to this theory, you could also reach India by the Atlantic Ocean to cross. This they did. Columbus crossed the Ocean and came in 1492 in America. In this epoch the Europeans knew yet of the existence of America. They thought the theory right. He did, of course, but they did not take into account the possibility that there is still an unexplored continent between would lie. They thought they had reached India indeed. Therefore, the inhabitants of this new country called Columbus Indians.

The Portuguese Ferdinand Magelhaes wanted to prove that behind the American continent India. In 1519 he left under the Spanish flag with 5 ships to the West. He crossed the Atlantic Ocean about and enter along the American coast to the South. At the very bottom tip of South America, he found a passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific. This passage we call now Strait of Magellan. It took almost half a year before they could throw out the anchor in the Philippines. Here is Magelhaes murdered. But the fleet entered the sound further. They lost 4 ships to conquests. Most to the Portuguese. There was only one ship that arrived back in Spain in 1522.


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