Another name for this epoch is the renaissance. This lasted from 1500 to 1600. In this century, many changes and discoveries. But while the art originated in the classical period, watched the science further. People started to review and criticize their own lifestyle. They had the science used to be always based on the Christian faith. Now they were of the opinion that the faith could no longer the basis for science. They believed that they now had to knowledge base on observations and insight. This caused great changes in history.
A major change in the 16th century stemmed from overseas tours. Columbus, Vasco da Gama and Magalhães were important discoverers. They wanted to spread the Christian faith and increase their political power. To do this, they had a larger area. Above men had indeed discovered new land. Because of this, they have also acquired more trading opportunities. Already at the end of the 15th century had Columbus discovered America and gave this land to the Spanish King. In the same century had Giovanni Caboto North America discovered. He sailed in command of England and so the country was to the English King.
In the 16th century was mainly looking for other sea routes to India. Thanks to this quest they discovered more new country. This was all colonized. Slowly became a patchwork of various European colonies. Netherlands had many colonies in Asia and Central America. Spain had in the history its colonies mainly in South America and England in India and North America.
Thanks to all these discoveries not only had to make new maps are drawn. The borders in Europe in this epoch also moved back and forth. Netherlands was in conflict with his Spanish ruler. The Dutch followed the new trend in the field of religion. This was the reform. In the 16th century the Church was powerful reformed. The Catholic Church was for centuries the only Christian Church. Rome was in charge of the Christians. There were more and more reformers on that comment here. A few of them were Calvin and Luther. They had many followers in Germany and in the Netherlands. The Spanish King, however, remained Catholic and brooked not these reforms. He wanted to keep the power in every corner of his Kingdom. This meant that the nationals had to confess that he had chosen the religion. Catholicism so.
The Dutch nobility was revolted. They demanded of their King Philip II that he would grant them privileges. Also, they wanted that the reformers would get more freedom and so no longer would be prosecuted. Philip II went on these requirements. This was the beginning of the eighty years ' war. This war has finally made sure that Netherlands would be an independent State. The Republic of the seven United Netherlands.