The pursuit of fundamental rights and to political influence of the bourgeoisie in the French and Batavian revolution

Netherlands had at the beginning of the epoch of wigs and revolutions no King and little nobility. The country was ruled by the Regents. The Regents had seized power when the stadtholder William III had died. But the people were dissatisfied with the Government by the Regents. When King Louis XV of France invaded in 1747 Netherlands, they appointed William IV as stadtholder of all Dutch regions. The Dutch people hoped that William IV would do more for the people than the Regents did. But this was not the case.

Both William IV as his son William V were absolute monarchs. This meant that they deliberated only prevailed and with no one. Also in France in the 18th century they had absolute monarchs. In the beginning of this epoch reigned King Louis XIV, followed by King Louis XV. King Louis XVI was the last King of the Ancien Régime. This means old Board. There was a new way of governing defined by the French philosophers.

Jean Jacques Rousseau was one such philosopher. He wrote about the people's sovereignty. This meant that the country had to be ruled as the nation that wanted. Another important French philosopher in history was Voltaire. He was one of the first who wrote and stood up for human rights.

Many of the things the enlightenment philosophers (because that is what we call the French philosophers of the 18th century) later competed for included in the Constitution. It contains among other things such as freedom of religion, freedom of expression and prohibition of discrimination.

But for doing so were the absolute rulers of their Thrones are cast away. This did not happen without a fight. In France was Louis XVI the last King. He had the country badly governed. He could not handle money making France was nearly bankrupt. In addition, there were many people who were paying no tax. Only the bourgeoisie and the farmers were required to do this. Its population was divided into unequal positions. The Paris sansculotten therefore competed for the resignation of the King. They did this during the French Revolution. They disagreed with the privileges that the French nobility had. They struggled for equality and more rights.

In 1789 Paris was a dangerous city. There were very many riots between the French people and the Government. The main riot was the storming of the Bastille. The Bastille was a prison where the rulers captured enemies of the Republic. The storming was the beginning of the French Revolution and a very important point in history. It was also a very bloody period. Many French nobles were sentenced to death. Also the King was beheaded in 1791 under the guillotine. But after the French Revolution, there was more space for democracy and emancipation.

In Netherlands also became the absolute ruler of his power stripped. In 1794, this was the stadtholder William v. the Dutch people had turned against him. They also fought for democracy, freedom, equality and emancipation. They called themselves Patriots. Their revolution is called the Batavian revolution. The Patriots received help from France causing William V fled to England.

France now had a strong army that fought for freedom, equality and democracy. This army was led by Napoleon Bonaparte. The Dutch Republic was now the Batavian Republic. The Batavian Republic was independent, but because it had relied on the help of France, they had to pay a lot of money to the French


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