Dissemination of Greco-Roman culture and the confrontation with the Germanic culture

The Greek culture has played an important role in history. Greek culture was, thanks to Alexander the great, spread over a large area that reached all the way to Egypt. In this area one had the this culture retrieved. This is called Hellenism. In the Hellenistic culture lived many developed people. For example, these were writers, teachers, doctors, scholars or artists. The Greeks had invented not only the science, they kept very art. In the epoch of the ancient Greeks is thus laid the Foundation for the science and culture of now.

From the fifth century BC the Romans started to expand their area. Starting from the second century BC names they also gradually the Greek empire. The Romans had admiration for the Greek culture. They took the Greek statues and Greek scientists to Rome. The images they put in their own homes or gardens and the scientists were slaves. The Romans themselves had learned many of their slaves, they don't have a science developed.

Also taught the locals make art. There were not enough Greek images for all Romans. Therefore they went they copying. They also took the Greek architecture. However, it took not long before the Romans developed their own style. The Greek temples had for example on all sides. The Romans changed this. Their temples had only on the front steps. In the Greek construction works were many pillars. The Romans also did this. But in the Greek construction works had to the columns very close together because the construction work otherwise not strong enough. The Romans discovered that a stone was much stronger than an angular port. Thereby they could put the pillars further apart. The Romans built not only houses and temples. They also built aqueducts to paved roads and laid. The Romans therefore have also played an important role in history. In many places where they prevailed over the peoples names the Roman culture. This is called romanization.

The Roman Empire was in the beginning a Republic. This meant that the King ruled the country together with the Senate. In the year 48 BC was the sole ruler AMR Caboo become over the Roman Empire. 19 years later, in the year 27 BC the Emperor Augustus had seized power and became the Roman Empire an empire.

The Roman Empire fell in the year 12 BC within Netherlands. In the period in which the Romans power Netherlands a people who lived in Germanic mentioned. Their country we called Germania. The Germans were mostly farm workers. But they also sold hides to the Romans. The Germans wanted their country not just give up. They competed hard against the Romans. This was not without result. The Romans failed to cross the Rhine. The northern part of the Netherlands remained still 400 years of Germans.

The Romans guarding their borders. They built camps and watchtowers along the borders of their region. In the Netherlands was the Rhine border between the Roman Empire and the land of the Germans. The Romans called these limit a limes. Ran the Roman limes in Netherlands via Utrecht, Nijmegen, Rhine and Katwijk to the Alps to the sea. The limes was not only a border, the Romans used the Rhine also to bring their goods to the camps. They did this with a ship over the water.


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