Socio-cultural changes and increasing pluralism from the 60 's

The television has a large change in the history. Although he's been in the 19th century was invented, it took a long time before there television programmes were made. The first live broadcast was in 1951. This was broadcast on Netherlands 1. This was the first television channel of Netherlands. A tv took quite a lot of money. Throughout Netherlands there were only a few thousand people with a tv.

Most people in this epoch still listened to the radio. In the beginning of the 1960s not only music and news on broadcast. The people listened when flock to radio plays. One of the most famous radio plays was by Annie M.G. Schmidt. The radio play was called ' In Holland stands a House '. This radio play was a kind of soap. It was broadcast twice a month. Annie M.G. Schmidt was thanks to this radio play and very well known Dutchman. She wrote poetry and stories. Many of her stories were made into a film.

Not until 1964 did a second television channel, Netherlands: Netherlands 2. A few years later; in 1967, also became the first advertising broadcast. Nowadays the television stations earn their money primarily through the broadcasting of advertising. When the television was mainly paid by the Government. This is still to a large extent the case with Netherlands 1, 2 and 3. Therefore, there are also requirements for the different programs and broadcasters. There are different types of programs are broadcast. That meant that there was not just music or just talk shows were allowed to be made.

Also the various television broadcasters represent one group from the society. In the early 1960s, this meant that there was a Catholic and a Protestant broadcasting broadcasting. Also, there was at one point an evangelical broadcaster. But nowadays we have many more different groups in Dutch society. This is because we live in a multicultural society.

Throughout the history Netherlands was a haven for various oppressed populations. In 1492 the Jews were persecuted in Spain. Netherlands was already very tolerant towards different beliefs. Therefore there are many Jews to Netherlands. From the 16th century Netherlands was an important trading nation. As a result, the Dutch came much into contact with people from other countries. There were also a lot of foreigners to Netherlands to trading.

Netherlands has always remained a haven. In the epoch of the television and computer, this is still true. Between 1945 and 1965 there were approximately 300,000 Dutch Eurasians, Moluccans and from the former Dutch East Indies to Netherlands. In the 1960s, Netherlands had a lot of work and few workers. They were going to workers from other countries, such as Morocco and Turkey. These workers would but a moment. They were guest workers. That meant actually that they were allowed to do anything other than work. The family could not come and they were not allowed to Dutch identity applications. Eventually the law yet adjusted. Guest workers could make their family after several years.

In the 1970s, there were also a lot of people from Suriname to the Netherlands. Suriname was at the beginning of the 70 's still part of the Dutch Kingdom. The Surinamese people were allowed to come to live here legally. In Suriname, they had little chance of a job. Netherlands was much richer and had better facilities for people out of work. This was the reason that in the 1990s, many Antilleans and Arubans to Netherlands.


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