The beginning of State formation and centralization

At the beginning of the HogeMiddeleeuwen there were still some areas in Netherlands independent. This meant that they did not fell under the Dominion of a gentleman and therefore administrative. The independent area was mainly of the Frisians. However, the Frisians had their area see shrink during the middle ages. At the beginning of the epoch of the middle ages belonged Zeeland, Zuid-Holland, Noord-Holland, Groningen and Friesland to a part of Northern Germany. Many of the Frisian area is conquered by the counts of Holland. The Friesland that we now know they could never conquer. Also the Northeast part of North Holland they could not yet get in their power. We call this part of North Holland and West-Friesland.

The Dutch count William II in the 13th century had many lands in its possession. He gave the city rights to Haarlem, Delft, 's Gravenzande and Alkmaar. He was an important man in the history. All these cities were in his area. But he wanted to be very like to expand. He led several wars against the West Frisians. In 1256, these wars are dead. He slumped through the ice and the West Frisians killed him. The West Frisians kept his body.

His son Floris V has many years searched for the body of his father. Only in the year 1282 he had defeated the West Frisians and West-Friesland to its area added. This he completed the work of his father and his father he could honorably buried in Middelburg. Another work of his father was the building of the Binnenhof in the Hague. The grandfather of Floris V; This Floris IV was started. William II and Floris V was gone further had this work finished.

Floris V reigned as count in the Holy Roman Empire. Also, like his father, he was an important man in the history of the Netherlands. He has under different kings ruled including Rudof i. as Floris V, count of Holland had to pay taxes to his King. The King had several counties. The Holy Roman Empire included the current countries Netherlands, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Austria, parts of parts of Italy, Czech Republic, Germany and parts of Poland. Although the County of Holland was very large and important, the County of Burgundy was ultimately more powerful. The County of Burgundy was located in the current central France. Burgundy originally consisted of two parts. One part was the Duchy. Of this was the French King the highest feudal Lord. The other part was Franche-Comté. This was the County that under the German Empire fell. Burgundy extended. It became a State.

Starting from the year 1384 also parts of Netherlands fell under the rule of the Duke of Burgundy. The Duke obtained these areas thanks to legacies, marriage or purchase. At the end of the 15th century belonged the whole of Western, southern and parts of Eastern Netherlands to Burgundy. The area was divided into provinces. Every province should still maintain his own Board.

Burgundy in this epoch had a central administration. It was ruled from the Burgundian court. This was a cultural center. Painters had plenty of work. The large area was governed by means of the States General. All regions/provinces of Burgundy sent representatives to the Burgundian court, where they met about, for example, new taxes.

The increased taxes and the cities rebelled. When the then Duke Charles the bold was killed in 1477, wanted the cities his daughter only when ruler accept if they would agree to lower taxes.


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