Have you ever heard of the separation between Church and State? In the epoch of the middle ages this yet. The Pope was more powerful than the emperor.
All political power aristocracy; all political power.
Imagine. You are four years. You can just talk and then you become all crowned King. In the history for this came quite often.
The history has been shaped by discoveries and reforms. But there is only one period that the time of the explorers and reformers.
In the epoch of the golden age there was a transfer of power. The Church had for a long time had the most power. Now the citizens were allowed to govern.
What would you do if you were the boss of Netherlands was? In history, there are many people who wanted to have the absolute dominion over Netherlands.