Have you ever heard of the golden age? In this epoch Netherlands was very rich and powerful. In Amsterdam you can still see many beautiful buildings from this time.
During the scientific revolution made classic-religious ideas place for modern-scientific ideas. During the revolution found a radical change took place in the insights in the physics, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry and biology and the way in which these Sciences were proficient. As a result created a completely different worldview.
Did you know that Netherlands at the beginning of the golden age was much smaller? In this epoch many lakes were drained. So Netherlands grew ever larger.