At the end of the first world war, Europe was completely changed. Before the war, everyone was positive. They thought the world was getting better and that the war was easy to win. But all the countries that fought in the war had made large losses. The war was a disaster in history.
Suddenly everything was uncertain. People began to doubt all the positive developments for the war. One of these positive developments what democracy. After the war they began to consider alternatives. One of those alternatives was fascism. Fascism is against democracy. Fascists believe that there must be one strong leader. Italy chose fascism and chose Mussollini as leader. Communism in Russia got the upper hand. They had Lenin and later Stalin as leader. Both ideologies were totalitarian. That meant that the entire daily life of the inhabitants of the country went reign.
Germany also chose a different form of Government. In Germany one had for some years a democratic governance. Yet there was one party that here from wanted. This was the NSDAP. That is the acronym for National Socialist German workers ' Party. They had quite a lot of support from the German people because it's really went bad in Germany. Germany had in this epoch deep in debt. They had to a towering penalty fee because France and England found that they had started the first world war.
At the end of the 1920s, there was an economic crisis had broken out and Germany here most affected. They had very high unemployment and little hope for a good future. The NSDAP promised that they could create many new jobs. In addition, they promised that they could be proud again the Germans themselves. The Germans were at the end of the 1st World War very humbled by the rest of the world. The NSDAP was very nationalistic. That meant that they concentrated much on their own history, culture and language.
The NSDAP was also a racist party. They found that the Germans the best breed in the world. They called themselves Aryans. They also found that the Aryans had the right to rule over the world. To explain this they used Darwin's theory of evolution. Darwin was a biologist. He lived in the 19th century. He discovered that all living beings always adjust themselves to their surroundings. According to the theory of evolution you have to adapt to survive. The Nazi party thought that the Aryans the strongest people kind of was. Disabled people, Jews and gays they found weak and dangerous for the society.
A lot of Germans in this epoch were happy with the NSDAP. After all the humiliations they found the fine that someone said they were strong. They were also very happy with all the jobs that the Nazi party created. Because a lot of people on the NSDAP voted could be the largest party of the country and seized the leader of the Nazi party power. His name was Adolf Hitler. He abolished democracy and became a dictator.
National Socialism turned out to be totalitarian. This meant that they, for example, the school books of the children changed. The children had to learn what the differences were between the different races. Also they had to learn that Jews were bad and that the Aryans were born to reign over the world. Anyone who these ideas in doubt drew or openly protested against was persecuted. There were so many people who joined the NSDAP because they were afraid.