Even though this period only lasted a hundred years, many explorers and reformers in this century lived. Also in the art and the science has changed a lot. The 16th century is therefore an important part of the new time. We call this new time Renaissance. This is the French name meaning ' Rebirth '.
In this period had one again interested in the classical arts and knowledge of the Greeks and Romans. Also discovered a new philosophy of life. A philosophy of life is a way of life. From the middle ages did people live his life mostly as the religion this for wrote. But from about the Europeans discovered 1453 humanism. Until 1453 Constantinople was still always in the hands of the Europeans. In that year however, Constantinople was conquered by the Turks. They brought humanism.
Humanism had different sides. It meant that the civilization of the Greeks and Romans did appreciate and imitate. Especially also in the art. It also meant that one was going to believe in self development. Nowadays it is quite normal that you want to take advantage of and deepen your qualities. But at the beginning of this epoch, this was a whole new world.
An important humanist in history is Erasmus. Erasmus in 1466 born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. He was famous for being the Church pointed to errors in the first Bible translation. This first translation is called the Vulgate. At first no one wanted Erasmus believe. The Church cannot make mistakes. She is infallible. But Erasmus was sure his case. He eventually made a new translation of the Bible. In 1516 he had this translation. He felt that it was good if all the people could read the Bible in their own language. This would ensure that people better understand their own faith.
Another very important and famous book of Erasmus ' praise of folly ' was. He had already referred to with this new translation errors of the Church, but in this book he even more errors. He also described abuses in the society. It seemed as if he wanted the people were going to join the reformers like Luther. Luther had also a lot of criticism on the Catholic Church and was finally at the Church left. This was a very important point in the history of Christianity, because many people followed him. But Erasmus believed that everyone had to remain Catholic. According to Erasmus people could know their own opinion without drawing their allegiance to the Catholic Church.