In the epoch of the Regents and Princes was a optimistic mood. Despite the fact that the new Dutch Republic was at war almost the entire golden age, there was an enormous amount of money earned one in many areas and made enormous progress. Changed the world. Everyone noticed it. People were allowed to consider themselves in the Dutch Republic. This was something new. Previously, everyone had to do, think and believe what the Church said. But the new religion, Calvinism, urged everyone to his own opinion.
There were also more and more children to school. Every city did have a school. There were no separate classrooms. Children of different ages sat together in one class. However, there was still no compulsory schooling. So went the children of poor families do not attend school. That was a pity. Because the children that this almost certainly knew that they later did a very good job. Just because there are so few people could read and write, there was great demand for this kind of people.
After they had followed the ordinary basic education the children could choose from two continuation schools. The ' French school ' and the ' Latin school '. Only the ' Latin school ' was intended for the elite. Here you learned Latin, Greek, philosophy, religion and ' eloquence '. If you had completed this Latin school you went to College.
William of Orange founded the first Dutch University in 1575. This was in Leiden. Christiaan Huygens was one of the most important students. He studied law and mathematics. Eventually he became a very important mathematics physics and astronomer of the Dutch history. He was also inventor. He devised a gunpowder engine. But that was never built. He also has the pendulum clock and the principle of the steam engine invented.
Another, very important man in the history was Baruch Spinoza. This was a Jewish philosopher. Netherlands was thanks to the Dutch religious freedom a haven of anyone who was not Catholic. They were namely persecution elsewhere in Europe. The Jews were allowed to profess their religion not in public, but were nevertheless more than welcome in the tolerant Dutch Republic. The family of Spinoza originally came from Spain. Spinoza was born in Amsterdam and was schooled in the Jewish community. He never went to College. Yet he has many important books written. Here he earned not much with it. He earned his money with the grinding of lenses. In his books he gives a different picture of God than the people the epoch were accustomed to. Therefore he was also banned from the Jewish community.
Netherlands in the 17th century had a lot of important scientists and inventors in the House. In addition to Spinoza and Christiaan Huygens were Jan Zwammerdam and Antonie van Leeuwenhoek also very important. They built both one of the first microscopes.
Yet maybe Jan Adriaanszoon Leeghwater called the main man of this century. He was born to Carpenter's son. He improved the technique of the polder mills. Previously, the mills only used to prevent land under water flowed. Also they could small lakes draining. Thanks to the improved technique they could also larger Lakes draining. The first droogmaalde was the more that Leeghwater Beemster. Followed many other lakes. These were mainly all in North Holland. A few of these were Heerhugowaard, the Schermer, Wormer and the Purmer. He also has the first made plans the Haarlemmermeer dry. However, these plans were only in the 19th century.