The nineteenth century we call here the time of citizens and steam engines. In this epoch there a democracy was formed and the first emancipation movements. But also the science grew still. There were many discoveries have been made that have had a major impact in the history.
Some key inventors of the 19th century include Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell. Both came from America. Edison developed the light bulb and has laid the Foundation for the techniques to make movie and watch. Bell we know because of his discovery to convert sound into electrical vibration. This electric vibration could quickly a long distance, where it could be converted back into sound. This way you could talk to each other without close to each other. Alexander Bell was made so the phone off.
Resources were also found to machines. Previously, this was done often by hand or by means of p-, water-or gravity. There were batteries invented and thanks to the invention of the steam engine they could flow. But the steam engines were also mobile. They were relatively small and could be put on a vehicle. This gave rise to the first steam locomotives, steam boats, steam tractors and even cars powered by a steam boiler. The windmills were also replaced by steam ground. In Netherlands, the Haarlemmermeer by a steam pumping station dry ground.
The world went hard forward. Everyone could travel faster, produce and communicate. We call this the industrial revolution. Thanks to increased production, there was more food and so the population grew hard. Thanks to the growing population wanted to very many countries extend their area. Nearly all European countries had colonies on sea. Netherlands had several islands in the Caribbean Sea, small areas in West Africa, Suriname and Indonesia to its empire. These countries were ruled by the King of Netherlands. Netherlands from 1815 was a monarchy. This means that it was ruled by a King. The first Dutch King was William I of Orange-Nassau. He was first succeeded by William II, and later by William III of Orange-Nassau.
But not everyone in the Kingdom of the Netherlands was right. While more and more people in Netherlands were allowed to call himself ' citizen ', were the Indonesian and Surinamese people still nationals or even slaves. They had to work hard for their Dutch rulers. Often they were also suppressed and their possessions were taken. Eduard Douwes Dekker was the first man who wrote a book on here. He wrote the book under a different name. He called himself Multatuli. The name of this book many people though. Nowadays there is a fair trade brand its name. The book was called Max Havelaar and went about the repression in Indonesia. Not many people knew in Netherlands in this epoch that the people in the colonies as were suppressed. Max Havelaar has ensured that these outrageous oppression was announced.
Multatuli was itself ever Dutch official in Indonesia, so he knew very well where he wrote about. After the book was released, however, he no longer wanted to work for the Dutch state. He was a writer. But despite that he was famous now, he earned not so much money.
There were a lot of writers, composers and painters in the 19th century. But most was difficult. Vincent van Gogh was no exception. He is currently one of the most famous painters of the Dutch history. But in the 19th century he could not own property charged. He lived with his brother. His paintings were very modern and there were very few people who could appreciate that.