The modern imperialism

Have you ever wondered how it is possible that English is the main language of the world? Spanish is also spoken by 329 million people. This is due to the imperialism. The European countries started in the 15th century the world to explore and conquer. In the history books you will also find stories about Dutch conquests. For example, there are 6 countries where Dutch is the official language. This includes, of course, Netherlands and Belgium. But Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten, and Suriname. These countries belong to a part still to the Kingdom of the Netherlands. But of course that's not always been the case.

Netherlands, England, Spain, Portugal but also had different colonies overseas. These colonies they used for the production of, for example, tobacco, sugar, cotton, tea and coffee. But they also traded in slaves and spices. These colonies were mainly along the coast. The Europeans dared or wanted the country is not. But this attitude changed from 1870.

This was mainly thanks to the industrial revolution. It is the most important event in the epoch of the citizens and steam engines. Because there are many inventions were done in the 19th century brought the agricultural land more on. There was more food than ever and the population grew. A lot of people from the countryside moved to the city. There was a lot of work in the new factories. These factories were working at full power thanks to a new invention: the steam engine. But these factories had raw materials and in Europe were not all raw materials.

In Europe was in this epoch was enough iron ore and coal. But there was little gold, copper ore, rubber, cotton and jute. The growing European population had more and more need for all these raw materials. So they expanded their colonies and went looking for new colonies. Looking for raw materials.

Already in 1776 were the United States become independent of their mother country. For that time it was a British colony. But the settlers felt ever more alienated from the British motherland and demanded independence.

The United States also has a history of imperialism. Africa, Oceania and large parts of Asia were conquered by Europe. The African continent was even distributed among the countries. There was a special conference where the United States and 15 European countries were all a part of Africa.

The countries were not only because of the raw materials. They also wanted to sell all products they had made in the largest possible area. Europe and the United States were to do this, had become too small. Yet there were also conquered countries where people were very poor. Here they could so sell no products. Also there were no raw materials in some conquered areas. There seemed no reason to these territories to conquer. But the European countries also wanted to just increase their power. The more land they had, the more power they had.


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