The history of the blockiness began a long time ago. Already during the second world war there were several political leaders become scared of the new Russia. They saw that this country ever more powerful. Russia called himself since 1922 the Soviet Union. It was a Communist State. That meant that the country Communist governed. No one was allowed to own their own business or own more land. All property was owned by the State and was distributed by the State. The Soviet Union was in its early years very rich. Communism seemed to work. There was little poverty in the country and everyone had work.
In the epoch of the second world war, the Soviet Union fought together with America to Germany to beat. America and the Soviet Union were after winning this war the two most powerful countries on Earth. They helped Europe rebuild. The Soviet Union helped mainly Eastern European countries. Many of these Eastern European countries were then also Communist. So eventually they fell under the Government of the Soviet Union. America found that the Soviet Union was far too powerful in this way. They gave the West European countries to borrow money so that they do not have to take help of the Soviet Union to rebuild the economy. The money loan program they called the Marshall plan.
Both America and the Soviet Union wanted in this epoch of the television and computer like to increase their power. The Western countries saw communism as a great evil. They closed off a treaty in which they together agreements that they would prevent the Communist Soviet Union would be too powerful. This Treaty Organization they called NATO. Here were 12 countries member of. The Soviet Union also looked for allies. Along with them they closed the Warsaw pact. The Warsaw pact were in 8 countries. Germany was torn apart. East Germany had closed and the Warsaw pact was Communist. West Germany belonged to NATO. Also the capital of Germany was torn apart. Middle by Berlin was a wall built to the Communist Berlin of the Western Berlin.
This gave rise to two blocks. NATO called the Western block. The countries that had signed the Warsaw pact is called the Eastern bloc. We spoke also of the iron curtain. This Iron Curtain divided Europe in two. Both blocks competed in this epoch to the greatest power. They threatened each other continuously. There was an arms race. Atomic bombs were tested. They wanted to show they were powerful enough to make such a bomb. Such a bomb had in the second world war for a hundred thousand victims. The bombs were just stronger. If they really would use such a bomb would there might be millions of people die. Therefore they used the bomb fortunately not.
Though they remained each other closely. The threats were serious. That is why we called it a war. The Cold War. The Soviet Union had its missiles aimed at America. America had its missiles aimed at the Soviet Union. But fortunately these never fired missiles. This is also the reason that the cold war is called. The war lasted until 1991. In 1991, the Soviet Union had a new president who no longer makes sense in this game of threats. This was Boris Yeltsin. From the moment he became president, was changed in the Russian Republic of the Soviet Union. This was a chapter in the history closed.