In this epoch, we treat the time of the Greeks, followed by the time of the Romans. This period lasted from 3000 BC to 500 ad. This period is called the antiquity.
Around 3000 BC started the first people to write. From that point on they began to collect and develop knowledge in philosophy and science. At the beginning of the Antiquity the Greeks were the most powerful people of Europe.
The Minoans lived on the Greek island of Crete. Their culture is called the Minoan culture. In this epoch was this was the highly developed civilization in Europe. They acted in vases, pots, tissues, wine and oil. Through the sea they brought this among other things to Egypt. So it came that was and ever expanding their population grew. But unfortunately it was the ground in Greece not fertile enough to feed all these new Greeks. The Greeks went live somewhere else now. There were Greek city States in Italy, France and Spain. Also the Greeks went to the Middle East in order to conquer land. The biggest conquests were done by Alexander the great. He is an important man in history. Alexander the great was in the fourth century BC King of Macedon. This is the north-eastern part of Greece. In 336 BC he conquered the Persian Empire. The Greeks went into their conquered areas live and took their culture. The spread of Greek culture is called Hellenism.
The Greeks got in the 4th and 3rd century BC competition of the Romans. Their empire grew in that time to the area we now call Italy. In the second century BC the Romans proved stronger than the Greeks. The Romans took over power on all colonies that formerly of the Greeks were. However, it took several centuries before they all Greek colonies. Egypt was only around 30 BC conquered. The last Greek-Egyptian Queen in Egypt was Cleopatra VII.
In ancient times, many religions that we know today. The oldest religions are polytheistic religions. This means that the faithful believe in multiple gods. The most well-known polytheistic religion that still exists is Hinduism. But if according to a religion but one god exists, then we call this a monotheistic religion. The oldest monotheistic religion is Judaism. Christianity is a monotheistic religion. This was formed approximately in the year 100 ad. In the beginning was this religion is forbidden in the Roman Empire. But when the Roman Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, this became the official religion of the Roman Empire.
Around 117 a.d. the Roman Empire was the largest. They were from 57 BC started conquering Netherlands. In the first century AD they had France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany and England and parts of conquered. When different peoples lived in Netherlands. Some of these were the Batavians, the Cinninefaten, the Celts, the Franks, the Saxons and the Frisians. These peoples came thanks to the Roman conquests in contact with this culture and later also with Christianity.
The year 395 was a disastrous year in the history of the Roman Empire. They had to split up because it is in this year the Roman Empire in the West was attacked. There was now a Western and Eastern America. The capital of the Eastern Empire was Constantinople. Constantinople is now Istanbul.