The history has changed a lot after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The rulers who ruled the lands now ran against several problems. The Roman Government turned out to be unique and inimitable. In the epoch of the Romans was able to assert its authority without much difficulty in all corners of the Empire. This came in part thanks to the good roads. But now the Romans had left, the roads were in decline and many parts of the old Kingdom no longer reachable.
One of the first rulers after the Romans was Clovis. He was a Frankish monarch. In the fifth century he conquered almost the whole of Gaul. Clovis was succeeded by some strong rulers. A few of these were Charles Martel, Pepin the short and Charlemagne. In the year 800, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor. This Coronation should only be carried out by the Pope. To do this, so had to Charlemagne to Rome. He hoped that his Kingdom would be just as big and powerful as the Roman Empire was in the previous period. But he knew the corners of his empire not as easy to reach as the Romans this had done.
Feudalism had to be the solution. But it made the King also depends on. When feudalism gave the King or Emperor parts of his country on loan at lower gentlemen. The so-called feudal Lord. These Lords gave parts of their country, in turn, on loan at vassals. A vassal is also known as a vassal. The vassals were mostly first free men who had become Knight. They had the men well during battles or wars. The vassals swore lifelong loyalty to their Lords. This usually meant that they had to perform military service on horseback. They were so Knights in the service of their Lord.
To the gentlemen and vassals had to keep an eye on Charlemagne divided his empire into several parts. These parts we call gaue. All these parts were assigned to an Earl or Duke. The counts and Dukes were often a castle and were allowed to tax. There were two different tombs: the zend digging and digging the market.
The zend graves constantly had to travel to the gentlemen. They could make laws and were allowed to check if these laws were implemented. This did not work always. There were always parts of the country where the count could not assert his power. The main parts were the monasteries. The monks who lived here had only to obey the Pope.
The market had to dig the border of the Empire.
You notice that the emperor actually had little power yet. He had all his power from the hands to the gentlemen, which their power back from hands had given to the vassals. The vassals saw the country they had been often on loan as property. They gave the country therefore also after their death to their children. Also the gentlemen did this. The country became increasingly fragmented. The lands were seen as small fiefdoms where the Emperor nothing more about had to say. The graves apparently did their work so not as good, because the gentlemen made their own laws and determined the taxes for their people.