In this epoch of Discoverers and reformists had many Dutch Royal turned themselves against Catholicism. They were Calvinist. The Netherlands were in the 16th century still Spanish territory. The Spanish King Philip II had here. But his power was severely limited by the insurgent people. Because even a part of the people had chosen for Calvinism.
Philip II was a Catholic and wanted his people was Catholic. Religion is often a dominant medium in history. A frost chose a particular religion because he could exert more power. In the epoch of the middle ages were the Pope and the Emperor always the most powerful people of Europe. This was mainly because one religion was. All people were Catholic and had to believe and do what the Pope said. The times were changed. The people went thought and saw how the power game worked. They wanted to contribute here any more. The Dutch Royal rebelled. This they did by Calvinist.
The Calvinists, however, were prosecuted. Many were killed. As a result, 200 Dutch nobles in 1565 wrote a begging letter in which they asked to discontinue the proceedings. They brought it to the Governor in the hope that their request would be answered. It took a while for the letter to came to the Spanish King. In the meantime, there was indeed no one persecuted and many Calvinists fled back to Netherlands. But unfortunately the King decided the persecutions. He called the nobles, beggars. This meant ' Hillbillies '. The Dutch nobles were so just laughed at. But this kept them not against it. They went their nickname as honour name use and rioted.
This rebellion began in 1566 and lasted for about 80 years. He was led by William of Orange. William of Orange was important for the Dutch history. He founded the Union of Utrecht on. This was an agreement between a number of Dutch regions. They spoke in this that they would hunt together the Spaniards out of the country. Plagued Spain the Netherlands with high taxes and raids. In 1572 Naarden and Mechelen were massacred. The Spanish General Alva wanted the geuzen scare you, but it had the opposite effect. The Dutch nobles competed even harder now to the Spanish army to expel. William of Orange conquered Brielle on april 1, 1572. And he called many other Dutch cities for resistance.
Cities now had to choose between William of Orange and Spain. Many cities chose William of Orange. The Spanish General Alva went to this battle with the Dutch cities. But in 1573 he had to withdraw. He suffered a large defeat at Alkmaar. However, it took until 1590 before the Dutch noblemen were on the winning side. They members namely in 1984 a severe loss. When William of Orange in the Prinsenhof was murdered by Balthazar Gerards. The Dutch noblemen were distraught. But William of Orange was succeeded by his son Maurits of Nassau. Not until 1648 it took before the peace was signing. This happened in Munster. We call this the peace of Munster.