The epoch in which the Regents and Princes prevailed over Netherlands we call also referred to as the golden age. This century began in 1600 and ended in 1700. This century was very important for the history of the Netherlands. In the 17th century is both the Dutch East India Company founded as the twelve years ' truce in force. The VOC Netherlands's has a rich country. The twelve years ' truce was a truce in the eighty years ' war. Thanks to this period of peace allowed the Dutch economy grow large.
The twelve years ' Truce began in 1609. The 17th century began so during the eighty years ' war with Spain. The Dutch were in the 16th century led by William of Orange in revolt against their Spanish overlords. The Spanish rulers wanted to impose Catholicism with violence. The Dutch Royal pikten this is not. They wanted to Calvinist. Calvinism meant not only that they professed their faith in a different way, it also meant that they were independent of the Catholic Church. Thanks to this political independence they could set up the Dutch East India Company in 1602. This was so even during the eighty years ' war. Netherlands had to so vrijvechten still officially of his Spanish ruler: King Philip II.
The VOC is short for Dutch East India Company. The Dutch States General had this set up to be able to compete with the Portuguese trade. The Portuguese had found a route to Indonesia and wanted the map. They were the only ones who traded spices in the 16th century. From the end of the 16th century Netherlands all sent several boats to Indonesia. So they found a private route and they could compete with the Portuguese. They eventually conquered the Netherlands several islands and expelled the Portuguese. From 1622 got the VOC a monopoly in the trade of spices.
In the year 1621, however, the low countries were at war with the Spaniards. The twelve years ' truce was over. This war finally ended in 1648. Now the Republic of the seven United Netherlands. They were independent of Spain.
The Republic of the seven United Netherlands was a free country. Here if you, unlike in many other countries, believe and say what you wanted. Therefore left quite a lot of foreign philosophers and scholars press and publishing their books in this Republic. If it is not in their own country. Some of these philosophers were for example Locke and Descartes. These philosophers have made a significant mark on history. Their ideas were very progressive in this epoch. Netherlands was not only a free country. Thanks to the Dutch East India Company was also very rich. In the 17th century a lot of beautiful buildings built. Also let a lot of the men, monarchs and Regents their portrait. At this time lived many famous painters such as Johannes Vermeer, Rembrandt van Rijn in Netherlands and Jan Steen.
Despite that Netherlands now has been free from the Catholic religion still reign, was very important for the people. Many people were now become Calvinist. In Calvinism it is important that you think about your own faith. To do this, it was important that people themselves could read the Bible. The Catholic Church had only a Bible in Latin. They wanted this does not translate. Erasmus and Luther had previously called a translation. Now also gave the Dutch States General command to make a translation in Dutch. In 1635 was the first Bible States a fact.